With rapid urbanization, the pressure is mounting on the public transport system from the people living in cities and towns across the country. Mass Rapid Transport System, MRTS has emerged as one of the most effective means of mobility for the citizens in tier-1 and tier-2 cities and Metro has been a major player.
Currently 585 km of Metro lines are operational in the country. Approximately another 60 km of metro lines are likely to be opened in the next one month in the cities of Ahmedabad, Lucknow, Nagpur and Ghaziabad.
With a modest beginning with 8 km in 2002, modern metro rail has shown phenomenal growth in the country. In the current financial year (2018-19), 140 km of metro lines have been opened for the public, till February 10.
Out of the 585 km of operational metro lines as on February 10, 326 km have been made operational after May 2014. Since May 2014, 258 km of metro line have been sanctioned by the Govt. of India.
Currently there is about 600 km of sanctioned metro lines under construction which will be operational in next five years. There are about 1000 km of metro line proposals under planning.
Govt. of India has taken various steps for standardization and growth of metro rail in India. The Metro Rail Policy 2017 of Govt. of India enables rapid and sustainable growth of metro rail in the country.
Metro Projects have not only added to connectivity, it has reduced the travel time and hence enhanced the ease of living substantially in the urban areas. It has also led to creation of direct and indirect employment opportunities.
It is expected that with the expansion of Metros in the cities, local and intercity travel will be easier, mobility and connectivity will be enhanced giving a fillip to local business as well.