There has been a consistent decline in both Left Wing Extremism (LWE-Naxals) violence and geographical spread of LWE influence. Violent incidents have declined from a high of 2258 in 2009 to 833 in 2018. The resultant deaths have also declined steadily from 1005 in 2010 to 240 in 2018.
The reduction in geographical spread of LWE evident in decline in number of districts reporting violence to 60 in 2018. The trend of decline in violence has continued in 2019, said G Kishan Reddy, Minister of State for Home Affairs, in a written reply in Rajya Sabha.
According to him, to combat the LWE menace in a holistic manner, the Government of India has formulated a National Policy and Action Plan in 2015, which envisages a multi-pronged approach comprising security, development and ensuring rights & entitlements of local communities etc.
MHA is supporting the State Governments extensively by way of deployment of CAPF Battalions, provision of helicopters and UAVs and sanction of India Reserve Battalions (IRBs)/ Special India Reserve Battalions (SIRBs) etc. Funds are provided under Modernisation of Police Force (MPF), Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme and Special Infrastructure Scheme (SIS) for capacity building of State Police, intelligence agencies and CAPFs.
Development interventions are made through provision of resources and focused implementation of schemes through line ministries of Government of India. Significant efforts have been made for improving infrastructure in LWE affected areas. 5500 km of roads out of 11000 planned have been constructed. For improving telecom connectivity, 2335 mobile towers have been installed and 4072 mobile towers will be installed in next phase of the project.
To provide further impetus to development and fill critical gaps in infrastructure, funds are provided to the State Governments under ‘Special Central Assistance’ (SCA) scheme @Rs 33.33 Crore per annum per most affected district.